The Nature of Social Mobility: Views Read Edit View history. Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally. With particular respect to the issue of social stratification or social inequality, the functionalist view argues that social inequality is necessary because it fulfills vital system needs. For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc.
Moore in a paper published in High income, power, prestige of a particular position are due to functional importance or scarcity of trained personnel. The Functionalist View of Stratification: The most important positions are rewarded the most–the least important are rewarded the least. Society is seen as a self-regulating system and all of the constituent elements of a society must contribute to maintaining this state of harmony.
Society is seen as a self-regulating system and all of the constituent elements of a society must contribute to maintaining this state of harmony. Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society ghesis therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified. It is argued that if abilities were ad, there would be no need of a reward system.
Tumin states see Levine, p. Secondly, Davis and Moore do not clearly indicate why some positions should be worth more than others, other than the fact that they are remunerated more, claiming, for example, that teachers are equally, if not more, functionally necessary than athletes and movie stars, yet, they receive significantly lower incomes.
Some rewards are not functionally determined at all, but rather must be understood within the context of wealth ownership and institution of inheritance.
The distribution of dqvis-moore cannot be understood merely by achievement but achievement itself is conditioned by ascription of status. The most important positions are rewarded the most–the least important are rewarded the least.
Davis and Moore state: This is accomplished through the unequal distribution of rewards.
Criticism of the Davis-Moore Thesis: So, inequality is universal. Societies are stratified because inequality fulfills an important need of all social systems. They assume it is beneficial then try to explain how it must be beneficial.
The Functionalist View of Stratification:
There is in stratification systems artificial limits to the development of whatever potential skills there are in society. For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc.
These critics have suggested that structural inequality inherited wealth, family power, etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It must solve the problem of motivation at two levels: Summary of the Davis-Moore Thesis: In general those positions convey the best reward, and have the highest rank off a have the greatest importance for the society and b require the greatest training or talent. As a structural functionalist theory, meritpcracy is also associated with Talcott Parsons and Robert K.
Hence, every society, no matter how simple or complex, must differentiate persons in terms of both prestige and esteem, and must therefore possess a certain amount of institutionalized inequality.
Functionalism social theory Sociological theories. Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally. Stratification is not positively functionally for a society–it is dysfunctional.
Class itself can be though of as implying a set of life chances and obstacles to social mobility. Society must distribute its members among the various merifocracy in society. We must also consider the problem of deskilling and the control of workers see Braverman –the detailed division of labor. Modern societies allocated their collective labor forces inefficiently, wasting talented but poor people in humble positions and suffering from the inept sons of the privileged in powerful positions.
With particular respect to the issue of stratjfication stratification or social inequality, the functionalist view argues that social inequality mwritocracy necessary because it fulfills vital system needs.
Overall, the assumption of functionalism is that all social structures contribute to the maintenance of the system and the existence of any given structure is explained by means of its consequences functions which must, by definition be beneficial to the maintenance of stable order. Societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts, and each part of a society significantly influences the others.
The Functionalist View of Stratification: Critics of the Davis-Moore viewpoint argued that it did not make much sense in non-competitive societies–for example feudalism, where all positions are distributed not by merit but by birth.