Grundlagen, Methoden, Anwendungen 10th ed. The seven components of content analysis listed above see Section 4. However, this seems to be rather the description of a general approach to analyzing documents qualitatively. What is the contribution of using qualitative content analysis as an interpretation and analysis method for developing case studies? The first one is to analyze the standard representation in CA specifically, in categorical , consisting of two key processes: This means that the researcher not just considers the perspective of the respondents, but also of the relevant groups of actors and how they interact with each other. In Julia Brannen Ed.

At the same time he seeks to encourage the integration of qualitative content analysis into the important step of data analysis in case study research. Although, several authors have provided their expert opinion on data analysis using a case study strategy, but it was difficult to cover all those opinions in this paper. Stake has referred to the use of protocols to ensure accuracy and alternative explanations are called triangulation. This means that the researcher not just considers the perspective of the respondents, but also of the relevant groups of actors and how they interact with each other. Besides, different indices which correlate two separate measurements and contingencies, more complex procedures can also be used for analysis TITSCHER et al. Mixed methods research can permit investigators to address more complicated research questions and collect a richer and stronger array of evidence than can be accomplished by any single method alone. We log anonymous usage statistics.

Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches 2nd ed. Das Interview in der Psychologie. This section gives a brief overview of case study research.

The case study method allows an investigator to retain holistic and meaningful characteristics of real-life events Kohlbacher, Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. A Practical Guide for Beginning Caxe.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research – Semantic Scholar

In turn, the qualitative performs inferences based on the presence or absence of coded and categorized elements. In fact, case studies seem to be the preferred strategy when “how or “why” questions are being posed, when the investigator has little control over events, and when cobtent focus is on a contemporary phenomenon within some real-life context YIN,p.


The author has further oc the use of case study research for explanation questions rather than incidence questions. Case study design copes with a technically distinctive situation in which there will be many more variables ccase interest relying on multiple sources of evidence, and data needs to be converged in a triangulating fashion. A detailed explanation of these concepts can be found in numerous textbooks on social science methods e. Design and Methods, 4th Ed.

Interpretation, which consists of the inferential process. Sometimes a wrong case can tempt the researcher due to easy accessibility to qualitatibe or acquaintance with the people and the place.

Online Science Publishing 1. It highlights the focus on oral and written production, whose key elements are the sender, the medium, the message and the receiver.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

The cotent asserts that case studies develop through the mastery of triangulation, i. However, great efforts have also been made to reconcile both sides or, where not possible, at least to soothe the disputethus providing the opportunity to exploit the advantages of both approaches and opening the way for synergy effects e.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

At this point, the induction is linked to the deduction. The abduction consists of assertions about unobservable to explain the observable which, without losing the connection to the sensory experience, transcend it in pursuit of rationality.

Pulling out any phenomena from its natural settings cannot yield a thorough understanding of how it works or how it should work. The author further boils down the key features of a case to the following: In this respect, it is important to note that case studies have an important function in generating hypotheses and building theory cf.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research

Furthermore, qualitative or expert interviews are a very common field of application for qualitative content analysis cf. References Publications referenced by this paper. Historical case studies are often descriptions of events, programs, or organizations as they have evolved over a period of time.


A common misconception is that case studies are not only the result of ethnographies or participant observation, but Yin has proved with the help of examples where these features are missing from case studies.

It is argued this method of analysis must go beyond the mere description or organization of data through categorization, focusing instead in a theorization of the qualitztive phenomenon under investigation. The phenomenon and the theoretical model remain strongly connected, although the test or the questioning of the phenomenon model occurs at the level of generation and analysis of the data, as figure 1 shows Bailer-Jones, analysiw The need for triangulation arises from the ethical need to confirm the validity of the processes.

When CA is elected as a technique for data analysis, it is important to make clear the significant role it will have in building the relationship among the data, the phenomenon and the theoretical model see Figure 1. According to GILLHAMthe “essence of content analysis is identifying substantive statements—statements that really say something” p.

Furthermore, cwse to the fact that qualitative content analysis first extracts the relevant parts of the text material and then analyzes them cf. Tellis refers to case study as a triangulated research strategy.

While the first means collecting data in the form of numbers the second means collecting data in the form of words or pictures ibid. As a first step teh lexico-grammatical definition is attempted, then the material for explication is determined, and this is followed by a narrow quailtative analysis, and a broad context analysis.